Karl Marx

Karl Marx was a German philosopher, political economist, sociologist, and communist revolutionary born in May 1818. His ideas played a significat role in the development of communism and socialism in modern society. He is often cited along with Max Weber.

Marx's theory of history is centered around the idea that forms of society rise and fall as they further themselves and impede the development of human productive power.

The Communist Manifesto is noted as his most famous of works and the most widely read. Co-written by Friedrich Engels, it was first published, in German, in London in 1848 by German political refugees. In the manifesto they put forward the notion that the working class is exploited by the bourgeoisie. The labor theory of value where the value of goods and services is based on the labor put into them.

Also in the Manifesto they look at the new working class called the Proletariat. Also stressed is a kind of Utopia that can only be brought about by violence and conflict with the working class wrestling power from the bourgeoisie.