Sir Tim Berners-Lee

external image Tim_Berners-Lee.jpg
Tim Berners-Lee first proposed the idea of the World Wide Web in 1989 while working at CERN, the European Particle Physics Laboratory. Before he invented the Web, researchers at CERN had to format their documents in order for them to be compatible with other versions of computers and software. A simpler system was needed. His first prototype system, ENQUIRE was developed in 1980 which became the foundations of the World Wide Web.

The concept behind the World Wide Web was about sharing and transferring information over a global system through connecting and accessing hypertext documents over the Internet. Using links on web pages, people could find it efficient to browse information by using hypertext.

Tim Berners-Lee developed the language Hypertext Transfer Protocol (HTTP), for computers to transmit hypertext documents over the Internet by accessing certain addresses. He referred to these addresses as Universal Resource Identifier (URI) but is now known as Uniform Resource Locators (URLs). He also created the “WorldWideWeb” client to display these hypertext documents, which were redesigned using Hypertext Markup Language (HTML) also produced by him. The first web server to grant access to these web pages was “info.cern.ch” which was also developed by Berners-Lee. This was the first ever web page address, http://info.cern.ch/hypertext/WWW/TheProject.html. It mainly informed users of the project, hypertext and details of how to create their own web pages. http://www.w3.org/History/19921103-hypertext/hypertext/WWW/TheProject.html is the 1992 copy of the site. And so the beginning of the phenomenon of the Web had begun.

Tim Berners-Lee is now the director of W3C, World Wide Web Consortium at MIT. They are mainly concerned with the evolution of the Web to its full potential. Following this he has been recognised and rewarded for his work, been named a Professor in the Computer Science Department at the University of Southampton in the UK and currently working with the UK Government on making data more open and accessible on the Web, whichwas announced in 2009.

Links and References

Tim Berners-Lee - Intermet Pioneer Tim Berners-Lee. Available at: http://inventors.about.com/od/bstartinventors/p/TimBernersLee.htm [Accessed November 13, 2010].
Tim Berners-Lee. Available at: http://www.ibiblio.org/pioneers/lee.html [Accessed November 13, 2010].
Hypertext Transfer Protocol - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Available at: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/HTTP [Accessed November 13, 2010].
World Wide Web Consortium - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Available at: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/World_Wide_Web_Consortium [Accessed November 13, 2010].
The World Wide Web project. Available at: http://www.w3.org/History/19921103-hypertext/hypertext/WWW/TheProject.html [Accessed November 13, 2010].
Uniform Resource Locator - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Available at: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Uniform_Resource_Locator [Accessed November 13, 2010].

By Pamela Hanratty