What are the Creative Industries?


The 'creative industries' (sometimes referred to as the creative sector) is the term used to describe "those industries which have their origin in individual creativity, skill and talent which have a potential for job and wealth creation through the generation and exploitation of intellectual property" ('UK Creative Industries Mapping Document', DCMS, 2001). Some of the sectors that are regarded as being part of the creative industries include radio, TV and film, design, music, photography, advertising, crafts, software development, publishing and architecture.
The creative industries is seen as an alternative industry to the industrial industry. The main differences between the two seems to be that while the the industrial industries main focus is on physical labour, the creative industries main focus is on mental labour. The creative industries is a relatively new industry in comparison to the industrial industries.
It is often found to be hard to put a figure on the amount of employment within the creative industries due to several factors. The main obstacle in trying to put a figure on the amount of employment in the creative industries comes down to the fact that some workers in a creative firm (such as a filming company) may not be actually be undertaking creative work (a security man working for the film company).
Richard Florida and the 'creative class' Economist and social scientist Richard Florida is an important theorist of the creative industries. One particular term that he created about the creative industries is the notion of the “creative class”, which was coined in his book ‘The Rise of The Creative Class’ (2002). Florida described the creative class as a group of professional people who's job is to create “meaningful new forms”. Florida claims that creative industries succeeds most in areas where there is a high level of the 3 T's, namely Technology, Talent and Tolerance. He also claimed that these 3 T's were usually at their highest level in “metropolitan regions with high concentrations of high-tech workers, artists, musicians, lesbians and gay men”.

References http://www.idea.gov.uk/idk/core/page.do?pageId=11136366 http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=iLstkIZ5t8g http://www.worldlingo.com/ma/enwiki/en/Richard_Florida